Camellia oleifera seed oil has the similar fatty acid composition and biological activities with olive oil, and its crude oil has good storage stability. The quality characteristics of camellia oleifera seed oil processed in different processing techniques were summarized. The factors related to the oxidation stability of it were analyzed. Meanwhile, the factors to cause the oil of the high oxidation stability were discussed. The test has guiding significance for the further research on the main antioxidant activity ingredients.