引用本文:王薇薇,潘奕鸥,王 丽,周 航,李爱科.谷物中阿魏酸的分布及其生理活性的研究进展[J].粮油食品科技,2019,27(5):43-48.
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谷物中阿魏酸的分布及其生理活性的研究进展
王薇薇, 潘奕鸥, 王 丽, 周 航, 李爱科
国家粮食和物资储备局科学研究院,北京 100037
摘要:
阿魏酸是谷物中含量最丰富的酚酸之一,且主要存在于麸皮和胚芽中,主要以不溶性的结合态存在。阿魏酸有较强的抗氧化活性和细胞保护能力,对过氧化氢、超氧自由基、羟自由基、过氧化亚硝基都有强烈的清除作用,且能抑制产生自由基的酶,增加清除自由基酶的活性。因此,阿魏酸对心脑血管疾病、阿兹海默症、癌症、糖尿病、肥胖等疾病均有一定的预防和治疗效果。主要对谷物中阿魏酸理化特性、营养价值、生理活性及其对健康影响的研究进展进行综述,旨在为相关研究者提供参考。
关键词:  阿魏酸  谷物  理化特性  营养价值  生理活性  健康
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基金项目:
Research advances on the distribution and physiological activity of ferulic acid in grain
Abstract:
Ferulic acid (FA) is one of the most abundant phenolic acids in grain, mainly existing in bran and cereal germ and existing as an insoluble combined state. FA has a strong antioxidant and cell-protection activity, and has a role in scavenging hydrogen peroxide, superoxide radical, hydroxyl radical and nitroso peroxide. In addition, FA can suppress the activity of enzymes producing free radical, and enhance the activity of enzymes scavenging free radical. Therefore, FA can be used to prevent or treat some diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, alzheimer’s disease, cancer, diabetes mellitus, obesity, etc. Physicochemical properties, nutritional values and physiological activities of FA in grain and its benefits for health have been reviewed in this paper in order to offer some references for related researchers.
Key words:  ferulic acid  grain  physicochemical properties  nutritional values  physiological activities  health