引用本文:梅芝健,李霁瀛,庞佳林,杜梦园,张 蒙,鲁玉杰,邢乃迪,李智深.黄色花蝽模拟仓捕食储粮害虫及应用效果评价[J].粮油食品科技,2019,27(4):68-72.
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黄色花蝽模拟仓捕食储粮害虫及应用效果评价
梅芝健1, 李霁瀛1, 庞佳林1, 杜梦园1, 张 蒙1, 鲁玉杰1, 邢乃迪2, 李智深2
1.河南工业大学 粮油食品学院,河南 郑州 450001;2.广东省储备粮管理总公司韶关直属库,广东 韶关 512000
摘要:
为了明确黄色花蝽在模拟仓内对害虫的控制效果及黄色花蝽在高温高湿地区实仓条件下对储藏害虫的控制效果。通过控制模拟仓控制温度为(28±1)℃、湿度(50±10)%条件下接入黄色花蝽和在实仓投放一定数量的黄色花蝽。结果表明,不同数量黄色花蝽在模拟仓内下,3个月后对4种储藏害虫控害效果均达到70%以上,益害比对储藏害虫并无显著影响,黄色花蝽对4种害虫的控害效果为锯谷盗>嗜卷书虱>锈赤扁谷盗>赤拟谷盗。在高温高湿地区,投放黄色花蝽对实仓内害虫的控制效果显著,能够有效控制害虫爆发。仓储害虫生物防治具有低成本、无污染等优点,可为研究一种新型储藏害虫防治提供有效方法。
关键词:  黄色花蝽  储藏害虫  模拟仓  实仓应用效果
DOI:
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基金项目:
Xylocoris flavipes predate stored grain pestsin simulation warehouse and evaluation of application effects
Abstract:
To clarify the control effect of Xylocoris flavipes on pests in simulated warehouses and on storage pests in high temperature and high humidity areas, the X. flavipes are put into the simulated warehouse with the temperature of 28±1 ℃ and humidity 50±10%, in a certain amount. The results showed that after 3 months the effects of controlling the four kinds of storage pests were more than 70%. The benefit-to-harm ratio has no significant influence on the storage of pests. The control effect of X. flavipes on four pests was Oryzaephilus surinamensis>Liposcelis bostrychophilus>Cryptolestes ferrugineus>Tribolium castaneum. In the district with high temperature and high humidity, the effects of controlling storage pests by X. flavipes are significant, which can effectively control pest outbreaks. Biological control of storage pests has the advantages of low cost and non-pollution, and can provide a new effective method to control storage pest.
Key words:  xylocoris flavipes  storage pests  simulation warehouse  application effectof real warehouse